Torus palatinus is a disorder of the jaw. This condition is relatively rare and affects men more often than women. It is often characterized by slow growth and can stop spontaneously.
It may be present in different shapes and sizes, but is never a sign of a serious underlying condition. It is also difficult to touch and has a smooth surface.
Its mucosa covering can also become less pink than the rest of the mouth. The development of tori may be influenced by several factors, including genetics, chewing habits, and local injury.
What are the symptoms of torus palatinus ?
Torus palatinus is a harmless bone growth found in the midline of the hard palate. It affects about 20 percent of people in the U.S. This condition is often mistaken for a malignant tumor.
The torus is formed by dense cortical bone marrow covered by thin, poorly vascularized mucosa. It is extremely prone to lacerations and is sometimes associated with perioperative bleeding and swelling.
A recent study published in the journal Medicina found that tori are more common in people over the age of 18.
This abnormality can start in early adolescence, but it may not appear until middle age. Research indicates that dietary habits can have a significant effect on the development of the palatal tori. People who are deficient in certain vitamins or calcium may be at higher risk.
Others have found that chewing raw meat may cause torus development. However, genetics may also play a role in the development of torus palatinus.
What causes of torus palatinus and who’s at risk?
A common exostosis of the mouth, torus palatinus is a nonpathologic growth of the cortical bone in the mouth. Though torus palatinus is generally harmless, it can have a significant impact on one’s oral hygiene. Excess food can accumulate in this area and result in tooth decay and bad breath.
Other effects of torus palatinus include lisps and speech problems. Though this condition rarely requires any treatment, it is important to see a doctor if symptoms persist and your torus palatinus becomes a distraction from your oral hygiene or your ability to speak or swallow.
What causes torus palatinus? A study of the population’s health shows that 4% to 60% of people in the United States and Canada have palatal tori.
Although there are no known genetic causes of palatal tori, they are thought to result from an interplay of occlusive forces.
Some studies have found that the development of torus is more common in Asians and Inuit than in whites.
How is torus palatinus diagnosed?
Toricus palatinus, also known as palatal torus, is a benign bone growth that grows on the hard palate. Because they do not cause pain, tori are usually atypical.
In some cases, the toric torus may obstruct the placement of a denture. In such cases, surgical removal may be recommended. However, this procedure is not recommended for every patient.
A computed tomography scan is required to diagnose torus palatinus. The palatal torus may be flat, lobulated, or mushroom-like in appearance.
The normal mucosa covering the torus may be pale or ulcerated. The torus may have an abnormally elevated level of alkaline phosphatase. Symptoms of torus palatinus include limited mastication and phonatory disturbances.
Patients may experience feelings of cancerophobia. Regardless of the symptoms and potential dangers, a professional should be consulted for a proper diagnosis.
What are the treatment options?
Generally benign, torus is located on the longitudinal ridge of the maxillae at the union of the palatine apophysis and the horizontal branch of the jaw.
It may grow slowly and stop spontaneously. Although the occurrence of torus is not dangerous, the presence of this growth can affect speech and oral treatments. Surgery is one treatment option for torus palatinus.
The most common procedure for torus torus palatinus removal is surgical excision. A double-Y incision is made to avoid damage to the nasopalatine block and the anterior palatine block.
A periostotomy is used to separate the fibromucosa and expose the torus palatinus. Because the torus palatinus is thin and without blood vessels, injuries to it tend to take a long time to heal. Surgical removal of torus palatinus may be performed under local anesthesia.
Outlook of torus palatinus
The torus palatinus is a bony protuberance that lies in the middle of the oral surface of the hard palate. Its size and shape can vary. Despite its name, it is a slow-growing, benign lesion that does not usually require surgical removal.
Only if TP needs to be removed for prosthetic purposes or to be used as a bone graft donor site will it require surgical removal.
The causes of the torus palatinus are unclear, but some researchers suspect a genetic link between the condition and grinding of teeth.
A recent study of twins suggested a link between these two factors. Researchers also suspect that torus palatini are common in people who grind their teeth. Changes in bone mineral density can also cause the condition.
Although torus palatini are benign and rarely require treatment, they can interfere with swallowing capacity, voice, and daily life.